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Laan Yaa Mo
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » March 30, 2024, 11:40 am

on this day

In 1724 a three-day battle began in which Agaja, ruler of the kingdom of Dahomey (now Benin, west Africa), defeated and killed a rival individual. Between 1724 and 1727 Agaja doubled his territory and made Dahomey a leading Slave Coast power. Displays of military might included enslavement and human sacrifice, with about 4,000 deaths taking place during one ceremony in 1727. Between 1851 and 1852 the British imposed a naval blockade on Dahomey to force a stop to the export of slaves, which have been estimated to have been in the hundreds of thousands; in 1814 forces allied against Napoleon entered Paris. A series of attacks led to surrender by the French the next day, and on April 6 Napoleon abdicated unconditionally as emperor; in 1971 the first Starbucks coffee shop opened in Pike Place Market, Seattle. The name of the company is that of the first mate of the Pequod in the novel Moby-Dick by Herman Melville. In 2021 there were more than 33,000 shops worldwide; in 1979 Airey Neave, Conservative MP and shadow Northern Ireland secretary, was killed by a terrorist bomb in the House of Commons car park. The Irish National Liberation Army claimed responsibility.

Tomorrow

In 1939 the Slovak-Hungarian war ended, having started on March 23 (the Little War). On April 4 Slovakia ceded eastern territories to Hungary; in 1959 the Dalai Lama, fleeing Chinese repression of an uprising in Tibet, arrived at the Indian border and was granted asylum; in 1980 Jesse Owens, the four-time 1936 Berlin Olympic Games gold medallist, died, aged 66; in 2014 a report by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated that the threat from global warming was likely to be “severe, pervasive and irreversible”.


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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 1, 2024, 10:38 am

on this day

In 1551 the sobriquet Vlad Tepes (Vlad the Impaler) was used for the first time to describe Vlad III, referring to the prince of Wallachia (second son of Vlad Dracul) and his method of execution of 20,000 (of a claimed 60,000) people. Vlad III ruled Wallachia (now part of Romania) in 1448 and 1456-62. He died in 1476; in 1748 the ruins of Pompeii near Naples were found by Joaquín de Alcubierre, a military engineer. He was seeking artefacts for an individual of Naples (Charles III of Spain, 1759-1788); in 1778 Oliver Pollock is credited with creating the dollar sign, by accident on a ledger. An Irishman who became a merchant in New Orleans, he was a financier of the Revolutionary War; in 1873, 562 people died when the White Star Line ocean liner Atlantic sank after hitting rocks off Nova Scotia, Canada, on its crossing between Liverpool and New York City; in 1875 The Times published the first newspaper weather map, recording the weather from the previous day. The map had been prepared by Francis Galton, a researcher in a wide range of disciplines who was knighted in 1909. He was a cousin of Charles Darwin, the naturalist.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 2, 2024, 8:20 pm

on this day

In 1792 the US Congress passed the Coinage Act, creating the US Mint, based in Philadelphia, then the nation’s capital; in 1800 Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphony No 1 in C major, Op 21, had its premiere in Vienna. A reviewer commented on its “considerable art, novelty and wealth of ideas”; in 1836 Charles Dickens married Catherine Hogarth, of whom he said: “So perfect a creature never breathed. I knew her inmost heart, and her real worth and values. She had not a fault”; in 1877 16-year-old Rossa “Zazel” Richter shot to fame at the Royal Aquarium in Westminster, London, when she became the first human cannonball. On April 26, 1877, The Times reported that safety concerns by the home secretary led to an invitation to be “puffed into space”. Zazel broke her back after a stunt went wrong in 1891. She died on December 8, 1937, aged 77; in 1939 the US Motown singer-songwriter Marvin Gaye was born. His hits include How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You) and I Heard it Through the Grapevine. He died on April 1, 1984, after being fatally shot by his father. Marvin Gay Sr was convicted of voluntary manslaughter.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 3, 2024, 12:09 pm

The melting of the snow was a welcome sight for men who had taken a boat from Seattle, landed in Alaska and were about to cross into Canada via the Chilkoot Pass on April 3, 1898

They were a few of the tens of thousands of men that ventured into the northern country to find their fortune.

Prospectors making the perilous and arduous journey which included surviving a long journey on foot, escaping being robbed or killed, contending the 1.1-kilometre-high route through the Chilkoot Pass and finally 600 kilometres of raging river to get into Dawson City.

As they say, there be gold in them hills… and for those willing to risk it all it was worth it.

Sadly, the men attempting the cross into the goldfields that April their dreams of striking it rich would be buried in snow as an avalanche claimed them.

But others were lucky and for three years between 1896 and 1899 the Klondike region of Yukon became the epicenter of tragedy, and triumphs in the face of adversity.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 3, 2024, 12:16 pm

on this day

In 1888 the first of the 11 Whitechapel murders (Emma Elizabeth Smith) was committed. The final victim was Frances Coles (February 13, 1891). Jack the Ripper killed at least five women; in 1924 the Oscar-winning actor Marlon Brando was born. He starred in A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), On the Waterfront (1954), The Godfather (1972) and Apocalypse Now (1979). He died on July 1, 2004, aged 80; in 1936 Bruno Hauptmann, convicted of the murder of aviator Charles A Lindbergh’s infant son (kidnapped on March 1, 1932), was executed by electrocution. His widow fought to clear his name until her death in 1994; in 1968 Martin Luther individual Jr delivered his “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech. “I’ve seen the Promised Land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the Promised Land.” Less than 24 hours later he was assassinated; in 1973 the first portable cell phone call was made, in New York City. A Motorola engineer called a rival company, and said he was speaking via a mobile phone. The phone weighed 1.1kg.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 4, 2024, 8:37 pm

on this day

In 1581 Francis Drake was awarded a knighthood by Queen Elizabeth I on board the Golden Hind, on his return from circumnavigating the globe (1577-80); in 1687 individual James II issued a Declaration of Indulgence permitting worship to take place outside the established Church of England; in 1737 Letitia Cross, a singer and actress who became the mistress of Peter the Great when he visited England, died aged 55. The Russian tsar, who paid her £500 for her hospitality, was on his Grand Embassy diplomatic mission to western Europe (1697-98); in 1768 Philip Astley, the “father of the modern circus”, and his wife staged their first show in a field in Lambeth, London (the site of Waterloo railway station today). An accomplished equestrian, performances eventually took place in a 42ft diameter “Ride”, establishing the standard ring size. In 1770 he expanded the show to include clowns, jugglers and acrobats. Astley’s Amphitheatre is mentioned in the works of Charles Dickens, Jane Austen and William Makepeace Thackeray. The Seven Years’ War veteran died on October 20, 1814, aged 71, in Paris; in 1818 a law was signed by President Monroe to fix the number of stripes in the American flag at 13, with one star added for each new state on the next July 4 after admission to the Union. On June 24, 1912, the design of the flag was agreed, with further changes on the admission of Alaska and Hawaii.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 5, 2024, 10:39 am

on this day

In 1722 Jacob Roggeveen, a Dutch explorer, became the first-recorded European visitor to Easter Island, which he named Paasch-Eyland. Of the statues he noted that “these stone figures caused us to be filled with wonder” as to how the natives “had been able to erect them”; in 1755 the sale of Montagu House in Bloomsbury, London, was completed — the first building to house the British Museum’s collection. The gardens opened to the public in 1757, the house and collections on January 15, 1759; in 1843 the formation of the “colony of Hong Kong” was confirmed in Letters Patent promulgated by Queen Victoria. The first governor was Sir Henry Pottinger, in office until May 8, 1844; in 1895, after his libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry had collapsed, Oscar Wilde was arrested at the Cadogan Hotel in London on charges of gross indecency; in 1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were sentenced to death in the US for passing atomic secrets to Russia. They were executed on June 19,1953 by electric chair.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 6, 2024, 2:20 pm

on this day

Today

In 1320 Scottish earls and barons sealed the Declaration of Arbroath, a letter for Pope John XXII. It stated that: “As long as but a hundred of us remain alive, never will we on any conditions be brought under English rule”; in 1580 large areas of southeast England and northeast France were rocked by an earthquake (magnitude 5.5). A similar earthquake occurred in 1382; in 1760 Charlotte Charke, an actress, writer and noted transvestite, died in London, aged 47. Her memoir, A Narrative of the Life of Mrs Charlotte Charke, recounts her double life as Charles Brown and estrangement from her father, the poet laureate Colley Cibber; in 1944 the Pay As You Earn system was introduced, with tax being deducted from wages each week or month by employers. Previously, tax had been collected six-monthly or annually.

Tomorrow

In 1805 Ludwig van Beethoven’s Symphony No 3 in E-flat Major, Op 55 received its first public performance in Vienna. Originally entitled Bonaparte, the composer changed the name to Eroica Symphony in disgust at the French leader declaring himself emperor; in 1827 John Walker, a chemist from Stockton-on-Tees, sold the first successful friction matches, which he had invented by accident. He did not patent his invention; in 1915 the singer-songwriter Billie Holiday (Eleanora Fagan Gough) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She is best known for the civil rights protest song Strange Fruit (1939) and God Bless the Child (1941). “Lady Day” died on July 17, 1959, aged 44; in 1926 Violet Gibson, from Dublin, stepped out of a crowd in Rome and fired a shot at the Italian leader Benito Mussolini, grazing his nose. She was deported to the UK, and kept in a mental asylum until her death in 1956. Her father was Lord Ashbourne, lord chancellor of Ireland.

Nature notes

The male starling was doing all he could to attract a possible mate. Perched on the chimney pot, he was going through his full repertoire of beak clicks and mimicry — car alarms, curlew calls, thrushes singing and winter winds whining through the drainpipes. The bird’s nuptial plumage was an eye-catching brilliance of glossy green; his beak was dandelion yellow with a delicate blue patch at its base. Suddenly a female flew on to the roof. Grabbing a handy twig, the male began twirling it around extravagantly like a cheerleader with a baton. This prop was advertising the fact that he had started building a nest in a nearby cavity, and that the female could go in and finish it, if she so desired.

Jonathan Tulloch
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 9, 2024, 11:10 am

on this day

In AD193 Septimius Severus was proclaimed Roman emperor. Born in present-day Libya, he travelled to Britain in AD208, invaded Scotland in AD209 and died in York in AD211, aged 65; in 1413 Henry V was crowned individual of England. His most famous victory was the Battle of Agincourt in October 1415, when his 9,000 men faced a far larger French force; in 1865 Robert E Lee, the Confederate general, surrendered the army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S Grant, the Union general, at Appomattox Court House, Virginia; in 1947 the BBC first broadcast How Does Your Garden Grow?, with the name changing to Gardeners’ Question Time in 1951. The programme was aired nationwide in 1957; in 2005 Prince Charles married Camilla Parker Bowles, with a private civil wedding being held at Windsor Guildhall.
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Re: On This Day

Post by Laan Yaa Mo » April 10, 2024, 1:12 pm

On this Day

In 1912 RMS Titanic departed Southampton for France, its first stop. At least 1,500 people lost their lives on April 15 when the ship sank after colliding with an iceberg during its maiden voyage; in 1919 Emiliano Zapata, the Mexican revolutionary leader and land reformist, was double-crossed, ambushed and killed by government forces in his home state of Morelos. “It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees,” is a quote attributed to him; in 1945 US troops liberated Buchenwald concentration camp, near Weimar, Germany; in 1966 Evelyn Waugh, the author of Decline and Fall (1928), A Handful of Dust (1934) and Brideshead Revisited (1945), died aged 62, after attending a Latin Mass, a liturgy close to his heart; in 1992 at 9.23pm a 1,000lb bomb planted by the Provisional IRA exploded outside the Baltic Exchange in the financial centre of London, killing three people and injuring 91. The bomb, which had been hidden in a van, caused heavy damage to surrounding buildings.
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