ON THIS DAY – 1st February
1811 – John Oxley was appointed Surveyor-General of New South Wales.
1858 – The first hot air balloon flight in Australia occurred in Victoria.
1870 – A state flag of Victoria was adopted, although with no crown like the current flag.
1915 – Opal was first discovered in Coober Pedy, Australia.
1924 – The Australian Loan Council met for the first time.
1927 – The North Australia Act of 1926 was enforced and the territory of Central Australia was created.
1955 – The six o'clock swill was abolished in NSW.
1976 – Five people were killed when two light planes collide above Parafield Airport, 16 km north of Adelaide.
1977 – The Federal Court of Australia began to exercise its jurisdiction.
1981 – Trevor Chappell bowled underarm in the final delivery of the game against New Zealand at the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG). The delivery led to the banning of underarm deliveries in cricket.
1984 – Medicare came into effect in Australia.
1985 – AM stereo broadcasting started in Australia.
1989 – The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamated to form the City of Kalgoorlie-Boulder.
1992 – One and two-cent coins began to be withdrawn from circulation.
1999 – An unprecedented rush for Telstra shares helped vault Australian share prices to a record high, as investors focused on the continued strong performance of the local economy. The all ordinaries index surged 29.9 points.
1999 – QSTV became an affiliate of the Seven Network, becoming known as Seven Central.
2004 – The first Ghan passenger train across Australia from Adelaide to Darwin set off on its three-day journey.
Coppin's balloon medal, 1858 (Twisted History) - Top
Members of the New Colorado Prospecting Syndicate in Coober Pedy in 1915. The party was led by James Hutchison, whose son Willie discovered opal in what is now known as Coober Pedy. (Department of State Development, Government of South Australia) – Right Middle
A Barmaid at Work in Wartime Sydney. Petty's Hotel, Sydney, 6 pm, 1941, by Max Dupain. (Wiki) – Right Bottom
Australia's Trevor Chappell bowls underarm to New Zealand's Brian McKechnie observed by keeper Rod Marsh and non-striker Bruce Edgar 1981
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